What's the Difference between and Black Tea, Green Tea and Oolong Tea

The color of tea leaves and the type of tea they produce are two different things. Black teas are made from dried fully fermented leaves, while green, oolong, and white teas are made from fresh, semi-fermented leaves or buds that have not been fully processed. Full fermentation can be achieved through steaming or withering. There is also a category called pu-erh which is like a black tea but it's been aged in caves for over 10 years!


1. Black Tea


This type of tea is made from tea leaves that have been harvested at full maturity. Although black teas vary in processing, the most common method involves stripping the leaves from the stem and allowing them to dry in the sun. The length of time is usually determined by the type of tea being created, from one or two weeks for green teas such as jasmine or puer to several months for black teas such as Assam.


Benefits of black tea


a. Black tea is a rich source of antioxidants, which means that it reduces your risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, heart disease and diabetes.


b. Black tea also contains flavonoids which are powerful anti-oxidants that help to protect against certain cancers and slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease.


c. Black tea has been shown to help to regulate blood sugar levels and lower cholesterol levels in healthy adults. It also acts as an anti-inflammatory, helping to reduce the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.


d. Black tea appears to have a positive effect on brain function because it is high in antioxidants that can help protect against cell damage.


2. Green tea


This type of tea is made from fully fermented tea leaves. The leaves are picked before full maturity, but not fully fermented; this is known as pan-fermented or silver needle tea. The leaves are then allowed to wither in the sun before being dried and then processed; this is referred to as green tea.


Benefits of green teas


a. Green teas have been shown to have antibacterial and anti-cancer properties that may help to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and Alzheimer's disease.


b. Green teas can help to regulate blood sugar levels by balancing insulin production, thereby reducing diabetes risk.


c. Green tea can help to prevent cancer by helping your body to metabolize fat and rid itself of toxins and pesticides.


d. Green teas contain a healthy form of vitamin A called beta-carotene that is converted into vitamin A in the body, helping to support eye health, skin health and immune function.


3. Oolong Tea


This type of tea is also made from fully fermented tea leaves but unlike black or green teas it has been partially fermented several times before being dried.


Benefits of oolong teas


a. Oolong teas contain many of the same antioxidants and antibacterial/anti-cancer properties as green teas, but because they have been partially fermented they have a milder flavor. They also have more health benefits than green teas because of the way that they are processed.


b. Oolongs are said to boost metabolism and aid digestive health. They are also a great source of vitamin C, E and amino acids such as L-theanine, so it's no surprise that they can help boost mental alertness by promoting relaxation.


c. Oolong teas contain caffeine which can boost your energy levels and improve mental focus.

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